Why Robots That Bend Are Better

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

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Kommentteja

  • Hi there.. could you pls explain what is the source of energy behind earth's movement ?

    AnAnD YAnAnD Y11 minuuttia sitten
  • Next video : Why Women That Bend Are Better

    Siddhesh RaneSiddhesh Rane23 minuuttia sitten
  • I am Bender Please Insert girder

    john medeirosjohn medeiros28 minuuttia sitten
  • These soft Transformers got laughed right out of Cybertron by both the Decepticons and Autobots.

    seth sethseth seth49 minuuttia sitten
  • In video games, you'd be instructed to shoot the joints of these robots

    Y HY H3 tuntia sitten
  • It's like your my science teacher

    definitely not picodefinitely not pico5 tuntia sitten
  • Names of these robots are gold, imagine like police department using them to rescue drowning people "Smith on scene, there's a kid drowning" DEPLOY KIELBASA

    scrofwimeyscrofwimey5 tuntia sitten
  • I can picture a robot uprising with these things, where they aggressively flop against people.

    warrior castwarrior cast6 tuntia sitten
  • shut up baby i know it

    jumbledProgramjumbledProgram7 tuntia sitten
  • Kiełbasa is actually the word for the "Polish sausage".

    Mistah JMistah J7 tuntia sitten
  • honestly, I understand why you are wearing masks when so close, but man, isn't it time to understand that when standing so close even a mask won't do anything? You might as well just take it off. You're just wearing the mask for the camera anyway, when it is off every one 'disregards' "corona law" anyway.

    LeRainbow FPVLeRainbow FPV8 tuntia sitten
  • *Many robots (including soft robots) are programmed for locomotion and other forms of motor control based upon the wiring principles of central pattern generators* (CPGs)-neural circuits that produce a wide frequency range of oscillatory rhythmic outputs even in the absence of sensory feedback-that have been adapted by evolution over hundreds of millions of years across the animal kingdom for axial, quadrupedal, and bipedal locomotion, as well as many other peculiar forms of locomotion, including rolling locomotion akin to that of the robot showcased in this video here. After several months of preparation, I'll soon be posting vids from my perspective as a Harvard neurobiologist and scientific editor/consultant. Cheers.

    Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.10 tuntia sitten
    • lol he deleted his old comment bcuz of too much hate

      John DoeJohn Doe3 tuntia sitten
    • Lol you had to mention that you are from hArVaRd :D

      PerttiPertti4 tuntia sitten
    • That's pretty deep stuff. I never heard of central pattern generators before. Sounds really complex. Subbed!

      diencephal maximilliondiencephal maximillion10 tuntia sitten
  • What if they hit something sharp?

    Oxy Bright DarkOxy Bright Dark11 tuntia sitten
  • *IMPORTANT MESSAGE FOR YOU!* I want you to know that there is Someone who really loves you and that He cares about you. Someone who’s giving you a hope when you think your life is pointless. Someone who understans you even if you don’t understand yourself. Someone who’s with you when you have a trouble and can not find solution. Someone who’s listening you even when your mouth is shut but your heart is speaking very loudly. *HE IS HERE FOR EVERYONE* who have scars on soul even for those who’s trying to find refuge and found non. Someone who came to put his mercy on you and to tell you that you‘re special to Him. Someone who’s not ashamed to call you his Child. He is here to help you. He is here to show you his Love that he’s caring for you from the very beginning of your first breath and He will stand besides you at your very last breath. *WHO HE IS?* The Son of living God, *JESUS CHRIST.* He laid down his glory *Philippians 2:7.* Was born of a virgin *Matthew 1:18-25.* Wrapped in flesh *John 1:14.* Lived a perfect life and never sin *1John 3:5, 1Peter **2:22**.* Shed his precious blood for you on the cross of Calvary to paid the debt of our sins *1Corinthians 15:1-4* - How SIN entered the world *Genesis 3:1-24* *WHY HE DID THAT?* …for YOU! _For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that WHOSOEVER believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life_ - *John 3:16.* And this is the *GOSPEL OF SALVATION* by which also you are saved _That Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the scriptures_ - *1Corinthians 15:1-4.* Believe what He did on the cross for you, put your trust in Him and be saved, sealed with the Holy Spirit and Sanctified until the day of Redemption! Never forget that He loves you no matter what have you done in your liftime. As ti is written: _If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness_ - *1John 1:9* *JESUS CHRIST* is: 🗝The DOOR to EVERLASTING LIFE - _I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture_ - *John 10:9* 🗝The WAY, the TRUTH, the LIFE - _Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me_ - *John 14:6* Shalom, God bless you! 🙏

    Rebeca FernandezRebeca Fernandez11 tuntia sitten
    • It's lana del rey for me

      Jaime BrentJaime Brent10 tuntia sitten
  • Can you help with a problem. Lets say, Im standing near the sun and say a charge q+ is on the earth, from my point of view the charge q+ is moving as the earth revolves around the sun and as moving charges are suppose to produce a magnetic field it dosnt seem to.While the person on the earth with the charge q+ it is stationary. So, at what point does the charge chose to produce the magnetic field. lets say normaly u pass a current through wire, it produces a magnetic field, but if you were to move along with the charge, would it produce any magnetic field.

    JoshMaNJoshMaN11 tuntia sitten
  • The numberless seaplane reciprocally clean because edger interestedly fire mid a flippant shelf. macabre, flagrant slipper

    Bill McBillFaceBill McBillFace11 tuntia sitten
    • Is this comment made by an ai? This is gibberish

      Soybean The GreatSoybean The Great11 tuntia sitten
  • Got an off topic question for you. Lots of sci fi uses rotatating structures in space to provide gravity inside them. Does this actually work-my head tells me it shouldn't?

    Icabod PsillycybermanIcabod Psillycyberman13 tuntia sitten
    • @Oxy Bright Dark But those big spinning devices are on earth where there is already gravity-the centrifugal force then works towards the circumference of the device.i dont get how centrifugal force would work where there is no gravity. The people in the space station (or whatever) are not held to the surface of the thing that is spinning unlike the example of water in a bucket?

      Icabod PsillycybermanIcabod Psillycyberman10 tuntia sitten
    • If you spin a bucket round and round, the water contained won’t fall out, because it’s sent constantly backwards into the bucket, rather than into the earth. Centrifugal force, which is actually a combination of forces, would work in space. But when you go towards the middle of the ship, it’ll spin faster and the gravity would be stronger. This means that the ship would need to be quite big, and the middle compartment not liveable, or in the shape of a donut or frisbee, spinning so that the outside is faster. They use big spinning devices to test G forces. Tom Scott made a video about it.

      Oxy Bright DarkOxy Bright Dark11 tuntia sitten
  • Made veritasium videos dubbed in Hindi also.

    Absolute FireworksAbsolute Fireworks13 tuntia sitten
  • Can you please make realistic a custom T-Rex design and go to wild animals tigers, lions, gorillas, Elephants, etc... I wanna see their reaction, thank you so much, I will give you a like of you do this.

    HabatroshaHabatrosha15 tuntia sitten
  • That d8 is looking mighty fine

    Hot ChocoHot Choco15 tuntia sitten
  • Why not use pool noodles?

    Crystal DragonCrystal Dragon16 tuntia sitten
    • If you bend a pool noodle too much it snaps

      Oxy Bright DarkOxy Bright Dark10 tuntia sitten
  • Soft Robots = gay robots. Give me steel, fuel and fire any day of the week.

    Marty LynchianMarty Lynchian16 tuntia sitten
  • i dont know, i watched the Boston Dynamic robots. this is lame AF

    Daniel ThorneDaniel Thorne16 tuntia sitten
  • I wanna see this piece of crap "roll" through a freaking forest! :D

    Ultima RatioUltima Ratio16 tuntia sitten
  • its like baymax

    maxim jurisicmaxim jurisic17 tuntia sitten
  • "Scientists" wearing masks outside, smh.

    MipMip19 tuntia sitten
    • Thats because you are confusing "scientist" with "Scientist ©".

      iLearnCodeiLearnCode19 tuntia sitten
  • bendable robots sounds like commie gobbledigook garbage akin to "eat the bugs" or soylent. Its like calling electric scooters "hover boards". It reeks of civilizational decline and coping.

    iLearnCodeiLearnCode19 tuntia sitten
    • @THYCR3ATOR Not an argument

      iLearnCodeiLearnCode18 tuntia sitten
    • You forget to take your meds today bud?

      THYCR3ATORTHYCR3ATOR19 tuntia sitten
  • Seems like everything that bends is better. Seems true in physics engines too, if done correctly.. and by bend, you mean flex. Swords that flex are usually also better.

    EluemEluem19 tuntia sitten
  • That's kinda cool I guess.

    Nicolai ByNicolai By20 tuntia sitten
  • Robot that bends are better.. and here I am looking at myself. Am I a robot?

    Dominador CordovaDominador Cordova21 tunti sitten
  • Kiwi co crates are really cool especially the eureka crates

    Definitely Decided nameDefinitely Decided name22 tuntia sitten
  • If we take this to Mars, why do we have to inflate a balloon. Why cant we use another material that is flexible and soft. It has no risk to pop

    EndlessEndless23 tuntia sitten
  • Bravo et merci

    vbddfy euuytvbddfy euuyt23 tuntia sitten
  • Iss traveling at the speed of 8km/s ,but why they don't feel gravity inside?.

    Naveen BNaveen B23 tuntia sitten
  • The best bendy robot is Bender!!! There is no alternative!!!!

    Bruce McKayBruce McKayPäivä sitten
  • Ok

    HackedHackedPäivä sitten
  • i really thought he said last "we will see more sex robots in the future" XD

    Jaques MerdeJaques MerdePäivä sitten
    • Bravo et merci

      vbddfy euuytvbddfy euuyt23 tuntia sitten
  • BRO YOUR 40 ?!?!?!?!? YOU LOOK 20

    KrxzyFNKrxzyFNPäivä sitten
  • “Safe around people” “W R R R R R R R R R R R R R R”

    Zhoutong YangZhoutong YangPäivä sitten
  • Don’t let China enslave the United States of America. Do you think a Chinese mind could think up a robot like this😂😂😂✨ I don’t even think they would want to being enslaved the way they are. The best minds are free minds🧠

    Enterprise Galileo llEnterprise Galileo llPäivä sitten
  • I mean this could be perfect safe robot, i mean of course it will need stronger motors and everything but if you could crawl in, and i don't know imagine that building is in fire and you can't really get out this fella could do this.

    Peter QuadPeter QuadPäivä sitten
  • This year the 2021' will be the 20th anniversary on attack on Twin Tower in New York, even today if i think about it i see again the people fall,people that for not burn alive has choice to jump over the window and die...many times i think why not exist a system for can escape in safety on skyscrapers? Why Engineers,Scientists,Researchers dont have found some solution? In London in 2017 14 june has burn a Grenfell Tower,24 floor,72 people die burn alive or the "most lucky" suffocated on fumes...in the World are not rare atrocity like this,today skyscrapers are in all World,but system on safety again are not adequate...

    alfpolo29alfpolo29Päivä sitten
  • Sir how can I be a applied physicist

    Manish KumarManish KumarPäivä sitten
  • Cool... I still prefer Gundam.

    JacksonJacksonPäivä sitten
  • It’s less scary than atlas

    D.ID.IPäivä sitten
  • Mark Rober.

    Jurie VersterJurie VersterPäivä sitten
  • There’s a joke to be made there somewhere...

    CaptainStinkCaptainStinkPäivä sitten
  • Take a shot everytime he says compliance

    Pidde BasPidde BasPäivä sitten
  • Hello sir.. Can you make video on why planets revolve in elliptical orbit (considering general relativity)

    Sukshith S. M.Sukshith S. M.Päivä sitten
  • From what I know, nothing of any use has been produced by soft robotics research for as long as people have been working on them. They're just useless university projects that go nowhere, just like those absolutely useless self-assembling cube robots that can do jack all. After the last Asimo, Boston Dynamics Atlus is the biggest advancemt we've made in the feild of robotics in the last 30 years.

    Luqmaan RashidLuqmaan RashidPäivä sitten
    • @Huzufu yes, 30 yrs, then 15 years, then 6.5 yrs, etc.

      Fing BookFing BookPäivä sitten
    • Keep in mind these are still very early stages. It's worth exploring weird ideas like this because that's what science is all about. Even if it isnt very useful, at least it was explored fully. Only by trying and testing a ton of ideas can we stumble on revolutionary ones.

      HuzufuHuzufuPäivä sitten
  • Bravo et merci

    Solutions & DébrouilleSolutions & DébrouillePäivä sitten
  • 0:08 Prototype of a freaking 'A.T.A.T.'

    bouytt guytbouytt guytPäivä sitten
  • There is absolutely no point in trying. To stop this technology it is inevitable. The end of mankind by robotics is inevitable. Not in our lifetime or our children... But its 100% guaranteed

    Maxwell BacaMaxwell BacaPäivä sitten
  • I love that this video showed up in my recs after a long string of Combat robotics videos xD

    Leviathan's IrisLeviathan's Iris2 päivää sitten
    • i've been watching a ton of battlebots recently. although i don't think a bendy, poppable robot would do well there!

      litapd311litapd31117 tuntia sitten
  • I don't think they'll ever be more capable than hard, rigid robots. I think hard robots will just get smarter A.I. and more joints and rotation points, thereby giving them a wider range of applications they can handle and being better at not hurting humans. Maybe some specific situations where they have to directly deal with people, but I think advanced A.I. and maybe a squishy shell applied to a hard robot would more than make up for that.

    Melon CollieMelon Collie2 päivää sitten
    • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

      bouytt guytbouytt guytPäivä sitten
  • i like this style of video a lot more. not that design-by-committee network tv video like last time. small robot! soft submarines my g

    commenty commentercommenty commenter2 päivää sitten
  • The needless money happily play because sunflower inspiringly fax apropos a tan peripheral. wary, adjoining sailor

    Zizi GurraZizi Gurra2 päivää sitten
    • Hello bot man

      S S AS S APäivä sitten
  • Yo

    Alex BoiAlex Boi2 päivää sitten
  • It's just dawned on me you could tell people you're Elon Musk with that mask on

    Bill StickersBill Stickers2 päivää sitten
    • @commenty commenter if you think you dont need a genius level intellect to become the richest person on planet earth from scratch then I guess maybe

      S S AS S APäivä sitten
    • @commenty commenter That would be someone like Jeff Bezos. Elon is actually chief engineer at SpaceX. Does he delegate and have amazing teams of people who are also brilliant? Of couse, but he's far from just a rich owner.

      Ethan ShearerEthan ShearerPäivä sitten
    • yeah except elon is not a genius, he's just a rich guy who owns the work of a bunch of scientists

      commenty commentercommenty commenter2 päivää sitten
  • How about making a video on air pressure? specifically testing if higher air pressure stops projectiles, what pressure humans could fly at without any power assistance if it makes a difference, and see if higher pressure would reduce terminal velocity so humans could survive any drop. Im interested for video game purposes rather than wanting humans injured lol.

    Captain HamburgersCaptain Hamburgers2 päivää sitten
  • what if u make the tubes out of sponge or permanent soft material?

    Nova SamaNova Sama2 päivää sitten
  • Kiełbasa xD

    Marcin GeborskiMarcin Geborski2 päivää sitten
  • I am satisfied with my care

    alex mejiaalex mejia2 päivää sitten
  • Seth Rogan as a Robotics Major

    Evan DonaldsonEvan Donaldson2 päivää sitten
  • I don´t find any of the Boston Dynamics robots creepy or terrifying, by the contrary I find them really astonishing, epic and gives me hope for a better future. All those comments about creppyness are the actual creepy stuf about human intelligence imo, also cringy and repetitive.

    Drawerick 92Drawerick 922 päivää sitten
  • what a loser

    XVHK GreenXVHK Green2 päivää sitten
  • Does it blend

    Jay TeeJay Tee2 päivää sitten
  • *Many robots (including soft robots) are programmed for locomotion and other forms of motor control based upon the wiring principles of central pattern generators* (CPGs)-neural circuits that produce a wide frequency range of oscillatory rhythmic outputs even in the absence of sensory feedback-that have been adapted by evolution over hundreds of millions of years across the animal kingdom for axial, quadrupedal, and bipedal locomotion, as well as many other peculiar forms of locomotion, including rolling locomotion akin to that of the robot showcased in this video here. After several months of preparation, I'll soon be posting vids from my perspective as a Harvard neurobiologist and scientific editor/consultant. Cheers.

    Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.2 päivää sitten
    • @Hinatro Kuntabi mf says he's at harvard that means nothing. Hey guys im the president. Does that mean im the president now?

      BaRacK jOe-mAmABaRacK jOe-mAmA12 tuntia sitten
    • @iLearnCode exactly. it's really hard to even get into any phd program, let alone finish it and ever end up at Harvard.

      Hinatro KuntabiHinatro Kuntabi16 tuntia sitten
    • @BaRacK jOe-mAmA but hes a phD, and at Harvard, no less!!! Only people with IQs above 150 are allowed to join Harvard!

      iLearnCodeiLearnCode19 tuntia sitten
    • @BaRacK jOe-mAmA You reek of insecurity dear. Check into a proctologist pronto. Otherwise there's going to be a tonka truck full of poop victims. You'll thank me later.

      Xenobia EveXenobia EvePäivä sitten
    • @clemente pittsburgian lol

      BaRacK jOe-mAmABaRacK jOe-mAmAPäivä sitten
  • After seeing this I could remember the robot in the interstellar movie. That was a great robot really. Change my entire visualisation of a robot.

    Akshay PandeyAkshay Pandey2 päivää sitten
    • Just watched it again mars was the name of the robot it reminded me of him too

      Jam MsuJam Msu13 tuntia sitten
  • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

    EnderGamerXPEnderGamerXP2 päivää sitten
  • 6:09 In inches? Ew. This is a joke.

    Talal AlqarniTalal Alqarni2 päivää sitten
  • next title: why female robots that bend are better

    unconscious 7xunconscious 7x2 päivää sitten
  • The dry pull lilly mix because tempo orly moan out a makeshift customer. chivalrous, humorous jump

    alexander jimenezalexander jimenez2 päivää sitten
  • *Just built different*

    Naved HasanNaved Hasan2 päivää sitten
  • Reminds me of the IROBOT chembot

    Paul GaryPaul Gary2 päivää sitten
  • these bots are built different

    HugoHugo2 päivää sitten
  • That background noise is his beard scratching isn’t it?

    spideral187spideral1872 päivää sitten
  • Maaannnnn....... I love this guy

    Radhey MishraRadhey Mishra2 päivää sitten
  • I suppose you could call them... Bender robots

    PixelDoughPixelDough2 päivää sitten
  • Solution looking for a problem

    B TB T2 päivää sitten
  • how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air

    Dick CheeseDick Cheese2 päivää sitten
    • Air is inside the tubes, not outside. Compressed air cans and closed loops

      mortaché de muertemortaché de muerte2 päivää sitten
  • it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.

    Doesn't MatterDoesn't Matter2 päivää sitten
  • Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"

    P-ARTP-ART2 päivää sitten
  • Pretty much y'all are gay

    Dismantle HAARPDismantle HAARP2 päivää sitten
  • I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.

    sehhi vootysehhi vooty2 päivää sitten
  • How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯

    Dustin OlsenDustin Olsen2 päivää sitten
  • just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz

    Roger McCartyRoger McCarty2 päivää sitten
    • Let's think this through, Rog. Body shaped balloon is a great framework. Imagine compliant 'muscle' tubing on the underside of the skin. The pneumatic driver could be in the hip area, and processing in the head. Assuming you could maintain air pressure effectively with a strong fabric and expandable lining, that doesn't seem like an impossible task.

      FetalKnievelFetalKnievel2 päivää sitten
    • nvm that wouldent work idk

      Roger McCartyRoger McCarty2 päivää sitten
  • Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!

    INFOCUS MediaINFOCUS Media3 päivää sitten
    • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

      sehhi vootysehhi vooty2 päivää sitten
  • All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)

    Richard KeyRichard Key3 päivää sitten
  • But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.

    EE EhrenbergEE Ehrenberg3 päivää sitten
  • So its soft, and can change shape....great?

    Durpswag Jr.Durpswag Jr.3 päivää sitten
  • "Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁

    aboodi the destroyeraboodi the destroyer3 päivää sitten
  • This is baymax's great grandad

    Cian Mac phaidinCian Mac phaidin3 päivää sitten
  • Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.

    ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ3 päivää sitten
  • Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez

    Ben DoverBen Dover3 päivää sitten
  • bender agrees

    Raf TaktRaf Takt3 päivää sitten
  • Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.

    Erik LakenErik Laken3 päivää sitten
  • The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch

    Yundt RosamondYundt Rosamond3 päivää sitten
  • Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.

    Erik LakenErik Laken3 päivää sitten
  • This is awkward

    Zach HammondZach Hammond3 päivää sitten