Why the Muon g-2 Results Are So Exciting!

Support Us On www.patreon.com/pbsspacetime
When a theory makes a prediction that disagrees with an experimental test, sometimes it means we should throw the theory away. But what if that theory has otherwise produced the most successful predictions in all of physics? Then, that little glitch may be pointing the way to layers of physics deeper than we've yet imagined. Well, FermiLabs Muon G-2 experiment has been chasing the most promising glitch of all, and they've just announced their results.
Announcement Results
theory.fnal.gov/events/event/first-results-from-the-muon-g-2-experiment-at-fermilab
Previous Episode of Space Time To Help Understand Muon G-2:
Quantum Mechanics Most Incredible Prediction
fistart.info/tv/videot/nIrZy5yQaLWjr78.html&ab_channel=PBSSpaceTime
Muon g-2 Playlist
fistart.info/will/PLsPUh22kYmNBpDZPejCHGzxyfgitj26w9
Check out the Space Time Merch Store
www.pbsspacetime.com/shop
Hosted by Matt O'Dowd
Written by Dan Garisto & Matt O'Dowd
Graphics by Leonardo Scholzer, Yago Ballarini, & Pedro Osinski
GFX Visualizations: Katherine Kornei
Directed by Andrew Kornhaber
Assistant Producer: Setare Gholipour
Executive Producers: Eric Brown & Andrew Kornhaber
End Credits Music by J.R.S. Schattenberg: fistart.info/to/Rl6-nb4iOnsij-vnpAjp0Q.html
Sign up for the mailing list to get episode notifications and hear special announcements!
mailchi.mp/1a6eb8f2717d/spacetime
Big Bang
Leo Koguan
Rick DeWitt
Sandy Wu
Matthew Miller
Brodie Rao
Scott Gray
Ahmad Jodeh
Radu Negulescu
Alexander Tamas
Morgan Hough
Juan Benet
Vinnie Falco
Fabrice Eap
Mark Rosenthal

Quasar Supporter
Hank S
Christina Oegren
Mark Heising

Hypernova Supporter
william bryan
Scott Gorlick
Nick Berard
Paul Stehr-Green
MuOn Marketing
Russell Pope
Ben Delo
L. Wayne Ausbrooks
Nicholas Newlin
Adrian Posor
Антон Кочков
John R. Slavik
Mathew
Danton Spivey
Donal Botkin
John Pollock
Edmund Fokschaner
Joseph Salomone
chuck zegar
Jordan Young
m0nk
John Hofmann
Timothy McCulloch
Gamma Ray Burst Supporters
The Mad Mechanic
Juan David Gil Wiedman
Ellis Hall
Alexey Kamenskiy
John H. Austin, Jr.
Andrew Macleod
Diana S
Douglas Drane
Ben Campbell
Lawrence Tholl, DVM
Faraz Khan
Almog Cohen
Alex Edwards
Nick
Ádám Kettinger
Sylvain Leduc
Anthony Kahng
MD3
Endre Pech
Daniel Jennings
Cameron Sampson
Pratik Mukherjee
Geoffrey Clarion
Nate
Darren Duncan
Russ Creech
Jeremy Reed
Derek Davis
Eric Webster
Steven Sartore
David Johnston
J. King
Michael Barton
Christopher Barron
James Ramsey
Drew Hart
Justin Jermyn
Mr T
Andrew Mann
Jeremiah Johnson
fieldsa eleanory
Peter Mertz
Kevin O'Connell
Isaac Suttell
Devon Rosenthal
Oliver Flanagan
Dawn M Fink
Bleys Goodson
Darryl J Lyle
Robert Walter
Bruce B
Ismael Montecel
Simon Oliphant
Mirik Gogri
Mark Daniel Cohen
Brandon Lattin
Nickolas Andrew Freeman
Shane Calimlim
Tybie Fitzhugh
Robert Ilardi
Astaurus
Eric Kiebler
Craig Stonaha
Martin Skans
Michael Conroy
Graydon Goss
Frederic Simon
Tonyface
John Robinson
A G
Kevin Lee
Adrian Hatch
Yurii Konovaliuk
John Funai
Cass Costello
Geoffrey Short
Tristan Deloche
Bradley Jenkins
Kyle Hofer
Tim Stephani
Luaan
AlecZero
Vlad Shipulin
Cody
Malte Ubl
King Zeckendorff
Nick Virtue
Scott Gossett
Martin J Lollar
Dan Warren
Patrick Sutton
John Griffith
Daniel Lyons
DFaulk
GrowingViolet
Kevin Warne
Andreas Nautsch
Brandon labonte
william bryan

Ladata

Näkymät
946,963

Kommentteja

  • 10:16 "So what did they find? -before I get to that, ..." > Proceeds to spend 2 minutes talking about statistics and confidence intervals instead of actually telling us what the experimental outcome was (i.e. how far off the G factor was from that predicted) -.-

    TheRABIDdudeTheRABIDdude6 tuntia sitten
  • Does sound promising.

    Glen RiskGlen Risk6 tuntia sitten
  • I want to know the application of this looked-for "New Physics" and whether all the funding has helped anybody, cured an incurable disease, eased a famine or led to a new mode of transport.

    Philip JoyPhilip Joy6 tuntia sitten
  • Could dark matter affect the g factor?

    Kresjan6Kresjan66 tuntia sitten
  • Yeah, America for the... um, hmm America for the Cool and Awesome FermiLab !

    therugburnztherugburnz6 tuntia sitten
  • do a video on the lambda-cdm-model please :)

    Chop ColoncoChop Colonco6 tuntia sitten
  • Funny how humans can waste their time and billions on trying to discover a theory for everything when they don’t even know what Life is. What they are. They have a lot of guesses, some better than others but humans forget they are limited animals. Very limited animals in both what they can perceive and more so what they can comprehend about what they perceive since they look at the world through a few beliefs which have been copied over and over again until they have become thousands of beliefs. Scientific theories, religious faiths, philosophical laws. Dogma and jargon created to explain the Nature of this reality and the meaning, purpose snd value of all Life, including yours. Moses, Darwin, or Plato. It really doesn’t matter which dogma it is because all suffer from the same obvious fundamental error. An assumption which humans have built everything they know and are so proud of. A bad assumption which all of their sciences, religions, or philosophy’s are polluted with, A belief doesn’t change or create reality. No matter what you call it or the mess of complicated explanations to justify your theory, faith, law it is still just a belief, a guess. Belief only changes how a person will perceive reality if they forget their prudence and forget that no one thing humans claim to know is actually certain. The fundamental flaw known as the human male. His bad assumption that humans words specifically bearded human words and definitions dictate the Nature of reality. That humans assign meaning, value and purpose to all life including yours. They looked through their beliefs, this flawed belief at the world and saw a distorted view that fit their belief. So maybe humans should take some time snd back track and double check all their copied answers. Maybe they should double check before they end up destroying, oops too late. They have already destroyed over half the non-human life of this planet and aren’t showing any signs of stopping, even though they know it is foolhardy, In truth the species behaves unnaturally in all it does, like only a very sick animal would in nature would. Unnatural and artificial as the plastic they have polluted the dirt and seas with. Vain and haughty they each think their life, their comfort, their profit, their status is worth so much more, more than even members of their own species which they fight a war of imagined values against, opposition they just call competition just like they call their evil good. Poor sick animals which once were natural human beings and Nature is endless patient with her children but when that Momma is done you are done.

    Joshua JosephsonJoshua Josephson7 tuntia sitten
  • Fantastic post. I feel the need to socrates this on our earth.

    Chris KearsleyChris Kearsley7 tuntia sitten
  • I can explain gravity, and I figured out the equation they want for fusion..the 1st part of e=mc2. Believe it or not e=mc2 is only the 2nd half of the nature of the universe. It's destruction, the big bang so to speak, not what was before the big bang..which applies to cold fusion.

    Jon the RevelatorJon the Revelator7 tuntia sitten
  • It was the whole picture 5 or 6 yrs ago, Scientists just can't see it. They are incapable of seeing the bigger picture because they only see numbers. It's like having a glass of fluid, and you don't know that's what it is, but you have all the numbers that describe how...but you don't know why. If you don't understand the fundamental answer that its a cup with fluid in it, you'll never know where all the numbers go. THAT"S physicists problems. You have to understand TRUE FUNDAMENTALS or the picture will never appear to them. Just sayin.

    Jon the RevelatorJon the Revelator7 tuntia sitten
  • "the dwarves dug too greedily and too deep......"

    jebes909090jebes9090907 tuntia sitten
  • I think the unknown particles the Muon is the muon interacting with particles not in this dimension, as the Muon particle may be a particle that exists in many more dimensions.

    ziggy greenziggy green7 tuntia sitten
  • The most successful predictions in physics are everything I've predicted the passed 2 decades. I successfully predicted this, QGP and BEC and how they work. They ARE NOT new at all. Cold fusion is not hard to achieve and evolution isn't as hard as we make it out to be either.

    Jon the RevelatorJon the Revelator8 tuntia sitten
  • Listening to this makes me very happy that I got my undergraduate degree in chemistry.

    NAVRETNAVRET8 tuntia sitten
  • The discrepancy will probably result from the particle undergoing a three dimension spin as can occur with a space vehicle all due to primary polaric reversal.

    Walter UlasinksiWalter Ulasinksi9 tuntia sitten
  • imposter sus and dababy car is playing in my head with this guy saying something, but i watched till end, btw who im i

    NatureOfStockNatureOfStock9 tuntia sitten
  • Omfg is this the driest time of ideas they’re literally trying to squeeze water out of stone

    Grey WindGrey Wind9 tuntia sitten
  • 11:12 blue sus

    anonymouseanonymouse9 tuntia sitten
  • "tugged it hard" huh-huh

    Jim BoylesJim Boyles10 tuntia sitten
  • doesn't it mean that electrons also must be off of predicted value, just in the less degree? and if it's not idea must be wrong

    Sebastjans SlavitisSebastjans Slavitis10 tuntia sitten
  • Smh... The approach is wrong.

    Ra WardRa Ward10 tuntia sitten
  • IMPORTANT ! I think I have something so say. I have been independently working on a theory that predicts a particle that can interact with other particle with masses and result in time dialation. Its a very weak interaction and can actually help predict the anomaly quite well. It is consistant with other experiments and was successful in preducting the reason for a strange abundance of dark energy in the universe. Can we discuss further. I think I am getting onto something. The more I wait and work on it, the more I feel confident about this new theory describing whats happening.

    The Coding HumansThe Coding Humans11 tuntia sitten
    • I know this question seems out of nowhere but, do you know about the electric universe theory?

      Justice IriaJustice Iria10 tuntia sitten
  • what

    Down DaysDown Days11 tuntia sitten
  • Just one question though, is there any difference between saying Virtual Particles vs Unicorns or gremlins or angels ? asking for a friend :P I mean if we are basing our current understanding of the Universe on unicorns and angels then one could hardly pose any scientific arguments about anything. Maybe its time to reconsider this rigid system of thought where everything is a particle and eliminate this "virtual" lunacy concept from scientific arguments. I would rather prefer a science where we bluntly say: we have no idea, instead of arguing that there are virtual particles... I mean guys, seriously? VIRTUAL WHAT? Are we doing science here or religious guesswork ?

    DaribowsMagistrateDaribowsMagistrate11 tuntia sitten
    • @Artur Renato B.B What do you mean? I’m confused... are we saying that serious physicist dont actually do any science but instead they just calculate? Or make nature “fit” their calculations? Then I humbly ask where is the Science in all this?

      DaribowsMagistrateDaribowsMagistrate10 tuntia sitten
    • Every serious physicist known virtual particles don't exist and are a convenient mathematical tool, similarly, every serious physicists known "particles", "fields" and other such things are abstractions of experimental data.

      Artur Renato B.BArtur Renato B.B10 tuntia sitten
  • 👍

    KAĞAN NASUHBEYOĞLUKAĞAN NASUHBEYOĞLU11 tuntia sitten
  • I remember that episode of Star Trek when Kirk defeated the Muons.

    gary lonsgary lons12 tuntia sitten
  • Are they taking into account the fact that when you measure something you change its state / charge when messing around with sub atomic particles

    rjac001rjac00112 tuntia sitten
  • Quantum mechanics is just a guess...

    Joao LiduarioJoao Liduario12 tuntia sitten
  • Bottom line: we live in the matrix and you're all figments of my imagination.

    Michael BearyMichael Beary12 tuntia sitten
  • Maybe if more people focused on G-2 than Q-anon we would have a new edge on human evolution?

    Michael GfroererMichael Gfroerer13 tuntia sitten
  • The Scientists “tugged it hard” huh?

    StarLord23StarLord2313 tuntia sitten
  • These guy will destroy the planet. They have no idea the evil and unstoppable events they will trigger. This location and Cern effect the magnetics, destabilization it will cauz to the plant and solar system is delicate and changing the balance of just a minor fraction is cataclysmic. They should be jailed and defuse.

    imnotmelvin3imnotmelvin314 tuntia sitten
  • I hope all this results in our understanding about gravity and where it comes from. We know it’s there, we know its impact on the space time quantum, but we still don’t know why mass exerts gravity!

    CleanderCleander14 tuntia sitten
  • Amogus

    ethan cainethan cain14 tuntia sitten
  • Scientist: the large hadron collider has produced an exciting new result Steve Jobs: you're holding it wrong

    Larry CLarry C15 tuntia sitten
  • When I'm watching videos like these, I'm happy if I understand and piece together 20% of what they're saying. None the less, excited for new discoveries to be made! It would be awesome if it could explain a mystery or two.

    boreddude123456boreddude12345615 tuntia sitten
  • The AI doesn't blink enough

    Marty GMarty G15 tuntia sitten
  • The more we learn about reality, the more we discover how much we don't know.

    Fish KungfuFish Kungfu15 tuntia sitten
  • Where did u get this info from?

    Sumit BishtSumit Bisht15 tuntia sitten
  • This is the best thing since the turbo encabulator. fistart.info/tv/videot/ppiZqWyvg6lrpc0.html

    Jody GranthamJody Grantham15 tuntia sitten
  • I saw this dude on Game of Thrones. He's taller though.

    buhao pengyoubuhao pengyou15 tuntia sitten
  • “There is a theory which states that if ever anyone discovers exactly what the Universe is for and why it is here, it will instantly disappear and be replaced by something even more bizarre and inexplicable. There is another theory which states that this has already happened.” ― Douglas Adams, The Restaurant at the End of the Universe

    Akrasia the KruzMachineAkrasia the KruzMachine16 tuntia sitten
  • You should ponder that this theory depends upon experimental results that are only right in 1 in a billion iterations...

    James the Other OneJames the Other One16 tuntia sitten
  • Fingers crossed for discovering the graviton.

    Chris GroleauChris Groleau16 tuntia sitten
  • This too shall pass. Good gig if you can get it though.

    otto familyotto family16 tuntia sitten
  • At the end of video Dr. Said "Theoretical wasteland". I think this pretty much sums up everything.

    Who are weWho are we16 tuntia sitten
  • Not sure why but I find this guy unwatchable. Sorry

    Todd ShawTodd Shaw16 tuntia sitten
  • They found a huge waste of money and time

    James MclaughlinJames Mclaughlin16 tuntia sitten
    • Thanks for representing the low IQ, small imagination lobby.

      Michael WilliamsMichael Williams15 tuntia sitten
  • 7:56 "all of these tweak the muon's g factor by a tiny degree"

    JohnRobertPotterJohnRobertPotter17 tuntia sitten
  • Honestly, sounds like just a bunch of mumbo-jumbo. Just let us know when they've discovered teleportation, anti-gravity, warp speed or interdimensional travel.

    cxa011500cxa01150017 tuntia sitten
  • It feels like we're not supposed to know about this stuff 🤔❌

    86 STREET86 STREET17 tuntia sitten
  • So the Muon, thanks to its mass, and newly discovered spin factors, can give us a clearer view of other quantum particles, and how they may be influenced by this "Jupiter" of a partice. Am I correct?

    Mick McknightMick Mcknight17 tuntia sitten
  • why is this usefull? What Will change ? Its like saying that there are : black people , white people and yellow people . So what ? There are still people !! I think I am to dumb for this level of physics!

    Mihai SerbuMihai Serbu17 tuntia sitten
  • Sir make a video on ads CFT if possible

    Abhishek Kumar MishraAbhishek Kumar Mishra17 tuntia sitten
  • 11:11 for among us fans....❤️

    TharunnTharunn17 tuntia sitten
  • Awww yeeaahh.. The G-Factor

    MrGriff305MrGriff30517 tuntia sitten
  • I'm subscribed to fermilab. I love Don Lincoln ❤️

    Hello ThereHello There17 tuntia sitten
  • As someone who understands pretty much nothing u talk about, I’m just an average dude who is interested in science and space, I often wonder what role consciousness plays in all this. I watched a doco the other day how random number generators seem to be affected by the global consciousness. Coupled with the experiments done that show how our intent can change the shape of water structures, I wonder if someone way smarter than me can link all this stuff together. Anyway, just my thoughts.

    Ben GillBen Gill17 tuntia sitten
    • You might be interested to learn about the electric universe theory. The basic idea is that all of the fundamental particles are just different forms of electromagnetism. If you see for yourself, you will start understanding what I mean.

      Justice IriaJustice Iria10 tuntia sitten
  • Don’t believe cern is really trying to find new physics... but rather trying to solve the aliens physics issues ; you know ufo propulsion systems etc. cern just seems to big and have too much moneys to just expand our current physics models... the model they are trying to solve is bigger than anyone can know..

    alsjkaalsjka17 tuntia sitten
  • So the computers went through tens of thousands of Feyman diagrams, maybe, to see what the predicted value of g should be. Can those computers check to see what Feyman diagrams can be omitted from the calculation so that the predicted value matches the experimental results? If it finds one or two such, maybe those interactions are forbidden by physics beyond the Standard Model? Or could the computer identify a term in the series that has to be added? Any chance of the exoeriment making contact with String Theory?

    Orden JustOrden Just17 tuntia sitten
    • No, it's a simple calculation procedure. We manually find to what order we must calculate the "perturbation", and then the computer does the the actual algebra. As QED dictates, we must calculate all diagrams up to that order.

      Artur Renato B.BArtur Renato B.B10 tuntia sitten
  • Great, let's make a black 🕳️ hole😅😛🤣

    Donald StarkeyDonald Starkey18 tuntia sitten
  • Poor Dr. O'Dowd. Now we cannot know precisely his location and momentum.

    James CarnevaleJames Carnevale18 tuntia sitten
  • Hahaha... I like the tiny little bit of humor at the very end of this where the credits proclaim that, "Matt was so excited about G-2 that he spontaneously dissolved into a cloud of non-standard model particles..." Hilarious!! Nice humorous way to segue out of this intensely technical subject!! Very nicely done guys! Thanks for the awesome video!!

    Dean LawsonDean Lawson18 tuntia sitten
  • This could be demonstrating the foundational limitations of the Real Number system rather than merely questioning the validity of the Standard Model. Mathematics is the foundation of Science, yet modern science still only accounts for a small fraction of the universe. At the same time its nomenclature has become exceedingly complex and eponymous, requiring equally complex mathematics and research specializations at the forefront. These layers of complexity don't support the notion that applied mathematics in its current form is in any way an idealized expression - people simply know how to interpret, apply and disseminate it on a large scale. The lack of public discussion on the foundation of logic being the potential issue seems to be an important oversight given so many recent advances in Particle Physics, Quantum Computing and Astrophysics.

    Robert TurleyRobert Turley18 tuntia sitten
  • Wow I really need that check that ep list I’m so late

    LouisTechLouisTech18 tuntia sitten
  • Why we can not have 7 million virtual photons exchanged between every atom in the universe in every second ?

    Milorad MenjicMilorad Menjic18 tuntia sitten
    • We can, as long as their effects are dictated by the sum of all Feynman diagrams.

      Artur Renato B.BArtur Renato B.B10 tuntia sitten
  • Quantum foam!

    paxwallacejazzpaxwallacejazz18 tuntia sitten
  • This video made me realize how stupid I am. Thank you PBS, I understood nothing!

    Gilles DesRosiersGilles DesRosiers18 tuntia sitten
  • Someone came up with the theory of everything at theoryofgravity.org

    rock crazedrock crazed19 tuntia sitten
  • Among us :)

    Julien FaveroJulien Favero19 tuntia sitten
  • Huge video, tank you guys

    Alex VillarroelAlex Villarroel19 tuntia sitten
  • Rumors are that if somebody ever figures out the exact laws of physics that govern this universe, God will step in and replace those laws with laws that are even more obscure and complex. Further rumors state that that has already happened a few times.

    PeterPeter19 tuntia sitten
  • wasn't this discovered first at CERN back in March?

    JCSJCS19 tuntia sitten
  • Loose thread, or a string (theory) maybe?

    derek jenkinsonderek jenkinson19 tuntia sitten
  • this was epic!

    Dennis VivancoDennis Vivanco20 tuntia sitten
  • Can you please do an episode on Tachyons? I find the topic fascinating, might make for a good video.

    山乇丂ᑎIᑕᕼOᒪ山乇丂ᑎIᑕᕼOᒪ20 tuntia sitten
  • Deeper layers of misunderstanding.

    Carl HopkinsonCarl Hopkinson20 tuntia sitten
  • At exactly 5:30 normal speech goes to blah...blah..blah........blah.blah for me...My brain cant handle this knowledge...

    justkiddin1980justkiddin198020 tuntia sitten
  • Your head is huge.

    Likely A ZombieLikely A Zombie20 tuntia sitten
  • Everybody gangsta until the muon enters the room.

    southpakrulessouthpakrules20 tuntia sitten
  • I know you're talking English... but...

    OutOfTheBoxThinkerOutOfTheBoxThinker20 tuntia sitten
  • The blue is the impostor!!!!

    Thiago TellesThiago Telles20 tuntia sitten
  • This was an easy to understand episode. Or NOT If other episodes are possible to understand without a master degree in physics. This felt like a final exam.

    MachinshinMachinshin21 tunti sitten
  • What’s with Cookie Monster or the furby going over the accelerator lol

    Justin FullerJustin Fuller21 tunti sitten
  • “We scrawl on chalk boards for 100 years and than build giant magnets”

    FEnCSERXFEnCSERX22 tuntia sitten
  • Separate the earth from the fire, the subtle from the gross, acting prudently and with judgment

    indiana stonesindiana stones22 tuntia sitten
  • I have already solved this problem. I have the exact equation for the G-Factor. It is the Quantum-Form of the Schrödinger Equation. Nobody know where the equation came from right? Well I do but Science is a house of cards. Somebody like myself won’t get credit because they are hiding knowledge of the Unified-Field Theory from the population.

    Stephen TuckStephen Tuck22 tuntia sitten
    • Looking at the Schrödinger Equation won’t work because it is a generalized Partial-Differential Equation that looks very little like it’s Quantum-Form. I just happened upon noticing similarities and realized I had discovered the Quantum-Form of the Schrödinger Equation.

      Stephen TuckStephen Tuck22 tuntia sitten
  • The muon differs from the electron not just by mass, but also by it's lifespan.

    Jonathan TrenchJonathan Trench22 tuntia sitten
  • Designs in nature, I wonder where I've heard that before.....hmmm, designs......

    DSCDSC23 tuntia sitten
  • theoretical wasteland?! = what a waste of resources

    Saint FluffySnowSaint FluffySnow23 tuntia sitten
  • Jesus this chase for slight fluctuations is the black hole. A hole where millions of taxpayer money will dissappear in this senseless pursuit. Just another way to use a defribolator to jump start Physics and its crisises again. So when you ask, why didn't our government for the people, by the people give out more than a $1,400 Stimulus check, now you know why. Your taxpayer money is going towards senseless pursuits with theories of all sorts.

    Francisco MartinezFrancisco Martinez23 tuntia sitten
  • habla como si se sintiera el mesias

    ShanwereShanwere23 tuntia sitten
  • 11:11

    Phat NguyenPhat Nguyen23 tuntia sitten
  • Much ado about almost nothing: "The researchers found a muon magnetic anomaly of 0.00116592040, accurate to within 46 millionths of a percent. The theoretical prediction pegs the number at 0.00116591810." This infinitesimal small discrepancy in a particle that lasts for two millionths of second is "so exciting"? Really?? "New physics"? OMG.

    FrankCoffmanFrankCoffman23 tuntia sitten
  • All i heard was "G-Unit" and 50 Cent propounded that theory

    A SA S23 tuntia sitten
  • thanks you explaned this much much better than my teacher did

    xgozulxxgozulxPäivä sitten
  • what?

    JonahJonahPäivä sitten
  • Are we closer to practical muon catalyzed fusion?

    Mike GMike GPäivä sitten
  • still don't fully understand what g factor is, would love a separate video on it

    Krista DzīveKrista DzīvePäivä sitten
  • I watch these episodes hoping my brain will catch up one day 🤯

    annag coclannag coclPäivä sitten